Photo: AEPDI - Q'eqchi Ombudsman Office. Guatema October 11, 2021, 3:07 PM. The .gov means its official. Voting was scheduled to start at 8:30 a.m. (0730 GMT) in Nigeria's presidential and parliamentary election, though Reuters reporters in several locations across the country saw polling stations. "Mr. Bernardo Caal Xl has been criminalised because he, on behalf of his community, took a case all the way to the Supreme Court to try to halt the Oxec hydroelectric project," the experts said. As a result, in May 1954, the U.S. government launched a plan to overthrow Arbenz, with the help of Nicaragua and Honduras. Plantain (Plantago major), known for its expectorant properties, is also drawn up. , The following individuals were also murdered over the year: Alberto Cucul Cho (Qeqch park ranger), Medardo Alonzo (Chort leader), Fidel Lpez (peasant leader), Abel Raymundo (Chort leader), Benot Maria (French citizen dedicated to defending Indigenous Peoples), Misael Lpez Cataln (community leader), Carlos Muc Pop (Qeqch leader) and an Indigenous leader from Purulha, Baja Verapaz, among others. http://www.sesan.gob.gt/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Situacion-SAN-Guatemala-dia-1.pdf. With respect to health, employment, income, housing, and education, there is a great disparity between Indigenous Peoples and the rest of the population. Two new DGMs were approved in 2021 for Guatemala and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), each for US$4.5 million. In September, authorities and the Guatemalan Forensic Anthropology Foundation, a nongovernmental organization (NGO), began efforts to recover the bodies of at least 116 Indigenous children. This is not the first time. The Guatemalan government has done little to support Indigenous communities, and racism and discrimination continuea slow genocide that kills by neglect, often making migration the only option. Editorial Piedra Santa. Although the indigenous in Guatemala are creating their own solutions, using traditional knowledge and practices to contain COVID-19, the Guatemalan government must treat its indigenous population equally and include those who have been historically excluded by implementing strategies and operations to prevent and contain COVID-19 as well as Written on 11 May 2020. 4 out of 5 indigenous Guatemalans live in poverty and have limited access to healthcare, education, and other basic services. The Progressive Inc. publishes The Progressive magazine plus Progressive.org and Public Schools Advocate. Bernardo's lawyers immediately filed an appeal following his conviction however the hearings have been cancelled or suspended on numerous occasions, including due the decision of 69 judges from the appeals chamber to refrain from hearing the case. We evaluated the prevalence of MG and MG AMR-associated mutations in men who have sex with men (MSM) in Malta and Peru and women at-risk for sexually transmitted infections in Guatemala, South Africa, and Morocco; five countries . Concerned about the world we live in? During his presidency, Arvalo made a number of positive changes for the country granting Guatemalan women the right to vote, allowing freedom of speech and reforming social security, healthcare, and education. Accuracy and availability may vary. This model . Official data indicates that poverty affects 75% of Indigenous people and 36% of non-indigenous people; chronic malnutrition affects 58% of Indigenous people and 38% of non-indigenous people; and, in terms of political participation, Indigenous individuals represent no more than 15% of parliamentarians and high-ranking public officials. Even more than its predecessors, the new government has shown a lack of interest in Indigenous issues, taking the structural racism that persists in Guatemalan society to new levels not seen since the signing of the Peace Accords (1996). ISBN 9781506346946. If they want to die, bury them standing up. One of the main struggles for Indigenous Peoples in Guatemala relates to political participation. In August 2021, statisticians with the National Statistic Institute denounced what they considered to be attempts to manipulate the data of the price of market goods in establishing the basic cost of living, a key barometer for documenting poverty rates. It was truly terrible the number of deaths that occurred at that time. Amidst pervasive racism, wealthy foreigners in Guatemala oversaw land thefts, decades of brutal dictatorships, coup dtats, and a thirty-six-year-long internal armed conflict (1960-1996) which killed 200,000 people, displaced one million, and left 45,000 people missing or disappeared. The structural inequalities that have plagued Guatemalas Indigenous communities have remained. . indigenous people accounted for more . Like many developing countries, Guatemala is getting hit hard by the delta variant. I asked all the creator, the goddess, Mother Lake, all nature for protection and also for strength. Stand up today to defend someone's rights While he did not succeed in ending the civil war, he did play an important role in the Central-American Peace Accord of 1987 which helped lay a foundation to the end of the war. For example: the state invests USD0.4 per day in each Indigenous person and USD0.9 per day in each non-indigenous person; poverty affects 75% of Indigenous people and 36% of non-indigenous people; chronic malnutrition affects 58% of Indigenous people and 38% of non-indigenous people; and, in terms of political participation, Indigenous individuals represent no more than 15% of parliamentarians and high-ranking public officials. For the next 30 years, Guatemalas military governed the country, undoing all of Arbenzs reforms. For example: the state invests USD0.4 per day in each Indigenous person and USD0.9 per day in each non-indigenous person; poverty affects 75% of Indigenous people and 36% of non-indigenous people; chronic malnutrition affects 58% of Indigenous people and 38% of non-indigenous people; and, in terms of political participation, Indigenous individuals represent no more than 15% of parliamentarians and high-ranking public officials. Across the Navajo reservation, these emergencies have motivated Din communities to step up and help their people as quickly as possible by distributing care packages to families; providing computers, laptops, free internet access, and food packages; or contributing . society demanded transparency and fairness in the use of public funds. Injustice regarding the validity of ancestral knowledge has been one of the many racist practices established by the colony. In October and November 2020, the Central American region was devastated by hurricanes Eta and Iota, wreaking havoc on the people and their livelihoods, especially the Indigenous Peoples of the Atlantic Coast or Northern Lowlands. #Standup4humanrights USAID/Guatemala works to increase awareness, knowledge and recognition of Indigenous Peoples rights, culture, history, and knowledge systems. The Mayan communities of Guatemala are among the world's most vulnerable when it comes to COVID-19 due to many factors, including their centuries-long marginalization by the country's ruling elite. The Other Americans is a column created by Abbott forThe Progressiveon human migration in North and Central America. USAID partners with Indigenous Peoples to understand their development priorities and define strategies to respond to those challenges, ensuring their participation and the fulfillment of their rights. Guatemala has a population of 14.9 million people, of which 6.5 million (43.75%) belong to the 22 Mayan (Achi, Akatec, Awakatec, Chalchitec, Chorti, Chuj, Itza, Ixil, Jacaltec, Kaq- chikel, Kiche, Mam, Mopan, Poqomam, Poqomchi, Qanjobal, Qeqchi, Sakapultec, Sipakapense, Tektitek, Tzutujil and Us- pantek), one Garifuna, one Xinca and one Creole or Afro-descendant peoples. At the time of this study, only one English-language paper (Duffy, 2008) was found on the causes of IPV in Guatemala.Duffy (2008) identifies alcohol consumption, poverty, traditional female gender norms, and a lack of access to education as contributing to . MARTIN: "We have a health care system that's precarious and ignored, with a budget that's truly embarrassing," says Alicia Samuc. GENEVA (27 July 2021) UN rights experts* have expressed concerns over the criminalisation, violations of due process and health rights of an indigenous human rights defender in Guatemala. MANUEL PICAHAU: (Through interpreter) Watch a cable station that plays a lot of news from the United States, and there are a lot of people there getting sick because of the vaccine. INTRODUCTION. Written on 24 April 2019. MARTIN: Which is another falsehood. IAPA highlighted a "strategy of criminalisation and .  Economic support for the social groups that are most vulnerable to the pandemic came too little too late, despite Congress having approved specific funds for this purpose. Last year, elections took place to choose the new President of Guatemala. 6 - Native Hawaiian: Any individual who is a descendant of the aboriginal people who, prior to 1778, occupied and exercised sovereignty in the area that now constitutes the state of Hawaii.14 - Native Hawaiian organization (NHO): Any organization which serves and represents the interests of Native Hawaiians; has as a primary and stated purpose the provision of services to Native Hawaiians; and Niegan el ingreso al alcalde de Carcha a reunin con el presidente Alejandro Giammattei. [Carcha Mayor denied entry to meeting with President Alejandro Giammattei] Prensa Libre, 7 November 2020. https://www.prensalibre.com/ciudades/alta-verapaz/niegan-ingreso-a-alcalde-de-carcha-a-reunion-con-el-presidente-alejandro-giammattei/,  Bono familia: negocio para algunos, falsa expectativa para otros. [Family voucher: business for some, false expectations for others] Perspectiva, 22 July 2020. https://www.perspectiva.gt/noticias/bono-familia-negocio-para-algunos-falsa-expectativa-para-otros/,  Reginaldo Chayax Huex. The New York Times, 11 October 2020. https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/nytimes/obituary.aspx?n=reginaldo-chayax-huex&pid=196929391,  Un incendio premeditado y gases lacrimgenos esperaban a una manifestacin pacfica. [Arson and tear gas awaited peaceful demonstration] El Peridico, 22 November 2020. https://elperiodico.com.gt/nacionales/2020/11/22/un-incendio-premeditado-y-gases-lacrimogenos-esperaban-a-una-manifestacion-pacifica/, Pueblos indgenas denuncian abuso de autoridad por parte del gobierno actual. [Indigenous Peoples denounce governments abuse of authority] El Peridico, 24 November 2020. https://elperiodico.com.gt/nacionales/2020/11/24/pueblos-indigenas-denuncian-abuso-de-autoridad-por-parte-del-gobierno-actual/,  Barrientos Castaeda, Miguel, Tragedia en Quej, San Cristobal Verapaz: suspenden bsqueda por ETA. [Tragedy in Quej, San Cristobal Verapaz: search suspended by Eta] Prensa Libre, 10 November 2020. https://www.prensalibre.com/ciudades/alta-verapaz/tragedia-en-queja-san-cristobal-verapaz-suspenden-busqueda-de-victimas-por-eta/,  Oliva, William. Thousand Oaks, California. Sadly, Guatemalas indigenous population faces higher rates of poverty, racism, and exclusion than non-indigenous Guatemalans. In that time, Guatemala has become the largest economy in Central America. The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights is the leading United Nations entity in the field of human rights, with a unique mandate to promote and protect all human rights for all people. IRMA ALICIA VELASQUEZ NIMANTUJ: This topic is a little complex. USAID also provides professional development opportunities to the indigenous leaders with an emphasis on youth and women. Guatemalas civil war began in 1960. , The most severe impact of the pandemic on Guatemalas Indigenous population has undoubtedly been the loss of human life, especially the elderly, healers, midwives, spiritual guides, men and women who have fallen victim to this disease. After provisionally protected the communities of the Qeqchi people by opposing the construction of two internationally funded hydroelectric projects in their territory, the Constitutional Court eventually issued a final judgment that approves the continuation of the projects and forces the Government to formulate and approve a regulation to standardise the holding of community consultations. MARTIN: As this newscast reported, in early October, a brigade of public health workers visiting a Q'eqchi' Maya village was attacked by people, who also destroyed their vials of vaccines. Mr. Caal Xl has filed an appeal before the Supreme Court to present his arguments, including three amicus curiae briefs, which was finally heard on 21 June after many delays. The site is secure. Both of these departments have high rates of migration. People have been unable to travel in order to study, work, sell their products or purchase supplies for their various activities. DOLORES RATZAN PABLO: (Non-English language spoken). The plant known as Tres Puntas (Neurolaena lobata) has also been used, which is attributed with antibiotic, antimalarial, antiophidic and anti-inflammatory properties. UNIDENTIFIED REPORTER: (Speaking Spanish). For the Indigenous communities, the pandemic has resulted in a re-evaluation of traditional medicine and of healthy eating based on native products and has reaffirmed the need to strengthen the bonds of solidarity and to defend their ancestral territories. A year ago, as one of his first acts in office, President Alejandro Giammattei slashed the budget of the so-called. September 15 marks 200 years since the Central American countries of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica gained independence from Spain. She's been vaccinated and wears a mask, unlike many in Indigenous communities who remain suspicious of Western science. Jeff Abbott is an independent journalist currently based out of Guatemala. Less than 10% of Guatemalas Congress members are indigenous, a relatively small percent considering the indigenous community makes up for almost half of the countrys inhabitants. Thousands of Indigenous activists and small growers demonstrated in Guatemala on Sept. 15 against President Alejandro Giammattei's administration and the country's legacy of colonialism and. Amid more than 20,000 complaints of violence, few facilities are available for women to . USAID seeks to empower Indigenous Peoples, enabling them to participate in key decision-making spaces at the community, municipal, regional, and national levels. "Hii3oobeiseihii (True Voices)" is the last First Sundays event of the winter.  Then, tropical storm Iota caused huge devastation, including the flooding of several towns that were subsequently declared uninhabitable, such as Campur and Sesajal, two Q'eqch communities in San Pedro Charch, in Alta Verapaz department, where around 900 homes were completely submerged. In addition, many of the lockdown measures were not evenly implemented. The ancient Maya developed an agriculture-based society that they supplemented with wild game and fish caught in rivers, lakes, and oceans. Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Although the Government of Guatemala has adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the countrys indigenous peoples continue to face a number of challenges. - The New York Times. Since the Spanish conquest in 1524, Guatemalas indigenous community has continually fought to maintain and to win back their territory. These organizations need your help to keep supporting Guatemalas indigenous population. GUATEMALA ON FILM Here are five commercially available films to give a sense of Guatemalan history and culture. In November 2018, he was sentenced to seven years and four months in prison despite a lack of evidence against him and irregularities in the prosecution, the experts said. "We urge Mr. Caal Xl to be given a fair trial by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal without further delay," they said. 4 out of 5 indigenous people live in poverty, and 21.8% of the indigenous . The electoral system isdefined by exclusionof Indigenous Peoples, and they primarily participate as voters, rather than as candidates with true possibilities of being elected. Read more. However, in practice, exclusion is prevalent. In the face of this adversity, the Colectivo Artesana promotes public policies that protect the human rights of Indigenous female prisoners. They can face stigma and discrimination. The majority of groundwater recharge areas are located within Indigenous territories, and the affected Indigenous Peoples do not receive any support from the state or from water users to protect the aquifers. Others try to flee the country to find economic and educational opportunities they simply cant obtain in Guatemala. Imperialism is as alive and kicking as that one raucous neighbor that is always throwing house parties and fighting with their girlfriend at 3AM. , In addition, the promise of economic support consisting of USD400 distributed in three monthly payments to those with an electricity bill was reduced to a total of USD165 with no explanation as to the reasons for the reduction, in addition to which thousands of Indigenous families with no electricity were excluded from this support. President Giammattei has appointed three woman ministers to his cabinet. In the first six months of 2019, there were 327 attacks on human rights defenders, including 12 murders, most of the victims were of indigneous origin. Por Cesar Gomez (Maya Pocomam, CS Staff) On June 9-10, 2021, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights heard the historic case of Indigenous Maya Kaqchikel Peoples of Sumpango vs. Guatemala.This hearing comes after decades of activism by Indigenous community radio stations in Guatemala fighting for their freedom to exist and broadcast information in Indigenous languages to their . This affront marked a rift between the government and the Indigenous people, who denounced this racist and overbearing treatment and demanded substantial changes in the way the state is run. This largely comprises native plants found on the ancestral territories, both in backyard gardens and in natural areas protected by the communities. Silvel Elas is Maya Kich, lecturer and coordinator of the Rural and Territorial Studies Programme (PERT) in the Faculty of Agronomy of the San Carlos de Guatemala University. They built temples and religious centers, and developed writing, mathematics, and astronomy long before Western society did. Guatemala continues to suffer from a lack of reliable data on its indigenous peoples. 2022 The Progressive Inc. 931 E. Main Street, Suite 10 Madison, Wisconsin 53703 (608) 257-4626, The Other Americans: Guatemalas Indigenous Communities Are Still Fighting for Their Rights. The diverse and beautiful country draws hundreds of thousands of tourists each year. USAIDs Indigenous Peoples Engagement Strategy in Guatemala seeks to bridge Indigenous Peoples knowledge systems with national systems by closely coordinating efforts with indigenous entities, integrating their perspectives and priorities into programs. And this is frustrating not to feel the support of people and especially of our leaders. Copyright 2021 NPR. CC: la mina CNG no puede trabajar hasta que se realice consulta comunitaria y delimite el terreno de operaciones. [CC: the CNG mine cannot operate until community consultation implemented and area of operations demarcated], Prensa Comunitaria, 19 June 2020. https://www.prensacomunitaria.org/2020/06/cc-la-mina-cgn-no-puede-trabajar-hasta-que-se-realice-consulta-comunitaria-y-delimite-terreno-de-operaciones/,  Comudinch. USAID also works with indigenous communities to develop community action plans that reduce conflict and strengthen social cohesion. Imperialism has, unfortunately, changed it's guise over the past 50 or so years. Another challenge for Guatemalas Indigenous Peoples relates to the absence of a water act. Arbenz focused heavily on agrarian reform, passing a law in 1952 in attempts to give agricultural land from large property owners to landless indigenous workers. Any survivors were enslaved and forced to work on their stolen land. In clear demonstration of the prevailing structural racism, however, Indigenous organisations were excluded. The 2018 Population and Housing censuss ability to survey and report on the countrys ethnic dimension is limited, given that it has been conducted in the midst of an unprecedented political and institutional crisis. Learn more. VELASQUEZ NIMANTUJ: The problem with the government, being the president and the minister, is they don't care about Indigenous people. Based on data from August 2021 to August 2022, the organisation said Guatemala had entered the "high restrictions" category, dropping two places in their country ranking because of serious ongoing attacks on the press. During his conquest, de Alvarado murdered not only the top indigenous leaders, but members of the civilian population as well, commiting eight mass murders, killing up to 3,000 indigenous people at a time. This growth however, also widened the gap between Guatemalas elite and poorer indigenous communities. Indigenous medicine has been important for strengthening the immune system, controlling fever and reducing respiratory congestion. Indigenous peoples are more vulnerable due to poverty, social exclusion and structural racism. En espaol. A short author biography is also included.Adapted for ages 4-6.Recommended in the Canadian Indigenous Books for Schools 2020/2021 resource list for grades K-1 in the areas of English Language Arts and Social Studies.This book is available in French: Le chandail orange de PhyllisAdditional Information30 pages | 9.00 In fact, the government seems to silence human right defenders. Press releases She's a public health nurse from Santiago, who's recently been charged with heading up the vaccination program for the entire province. The impacts on Indigenous women emerged in the additional workload they had to endure in relation to household tasks and the impossibility of carrying out their economic activities. Bernardo Caal Xl is a leader of the peaceful resistance of Cahabn, a collective of 38 Maya Q'eqchi' communities in the northern department of Alta Verapaz in northern Guatemala. 4 out of 5 indigenous people live in poverty, and 21.8% of the indigenous community is affected by extreme poverty compared to 7.4% of the non-indigenous population. A newly unsealed federal criminal indictment also describes how MS-13 gang leaders negotiated with El Salvador's top jailer, Osiris Luna Meza, who now oversees Nayib Bukele's new mega-prison. It is a clear manifestation of epistemic inequality in which Indigenous knowledge is underestimated for its supposed lack of scientific rigour or is cancelled completely because it goes against the beliefs of the dominant religions. But just don't ask the government to invest one filthy cent on that population. They reach a certain age and know that they have to leave," Colom says. MARTIN: Fifty-four-year-old Jose Santana says he finds it hard to trust anything coming from the Guatemalan government, especially from the president. Social exclusion is demonstrated in a lack of health services sufficiently equipped to meet the needs of the Indigenous population, especially those living in remote areas. The Qeqch people use infusions of wild guava leaves (Psidium guajava); the Chort use Quina (Cinchona officinalis), a plant from which quinine, the active component for treating malaria, is extracted. RATZAN PABLO: They remember how the disease is coming, you know? In 1982, Efrain Rios Montt seized power following a military coup, and began his rule as a cruel dictator. But she also points the finger at local leaders, political and religious. Meanwhile, remarks about the incident by Guatemala's president did little to help the situation. RATZAN PABLO: (Non-English language spoken). treatment of indigenous peoples in guatemala 2021. treatment of indigenous peoples in guatemala 2021. by . During this time, Guatemalas economy grew substantially primarily as a result of the export of coffee and bananas. The pandemic did not stop the Indigenous struggle for recognition of their fundamental rights, although criminalisation of land and territorial defenders also increased. UN Women Guatemala's Program is aligned with UN Women's Global Strategic Plan 2014-2017 and UNDAF Guatemala 2015-2019, as well as the legal and public policy framework for Guatemala, especially the National Policy for the Promotion and Comprehensive Development of Women - PNPDIM 2008 - 2023 - National Development Plan K'atun: Our Guatemala 2032. The origin of Guatemalas Mayan population can be traced back to 1800 B.C. Get the latest from our news, events and meetings. In 1523, the Spanish, led by Pedro de Alvarado, conquered Central-America and Mexico including what is now Guatemalas Quich region. These bad conditions have become even worse during the COVID-19 pandemic. They do not see any further than what is around them. No Indigenous persons or Afro-Guatemalans hold cabinet-level positions. In the past years, indigenous youth have been focusing on recovering the ancestral wisdom of their grandparents. He devoted his life to his peoples cultural revival, including their endangered native language, herbalism and natural medicine. And within Guatemala, rural and Indigenous communities are feeling it the hardest. One of the reasons for the lack of trust, according to Indigenous advocates, is that it took so long for information about COVID to reach these communities. ALEJANDRO GIAMMATTEI: (Through interpreter) If people don't want to get vaccinated, fine. 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